79th regiment, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders



The regiment sailed from Portsmouth to Scutari as part of the Highland Brigade for service in the Crimean War in June 1854. It fought at the Battle of Alma in September 1854, the Battle of Balaclava in October 1854 and the Battle of Sevastopol in Winter 1854. After briefly returning to the UK, the regiment sailed to India to take part in the suppression of the Indian Rebellion. The regiment took part in the Capture of Lucknow in March 1858 and the Battle of Bareilly in May 1858.

Queen Victoria presented the regiment with new colours at Parkhurst, Isle of Wight on 17 April 1873 and directed they should be known as the "Queen's Own" in August 1873. Consequently, they became the 79th Regiment, The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders.

On 1 July 1881 the 79th Foot was redesignated as 1st Battalion, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, the county regiment of Inverness-shire. The Camerons were the only infantry regiment to have a single regular battalion. The 1881 reforms also combined the militia and rifle volunteers of the county with the 79th Foot, becoming the 2nd (Militia) Battalion and the 1st (1st Inverness-shire Highland) Volunteer Battalion. In 1897 a 2nd regular battalion was raised, and the Militia battalion was renumbered to 3rd. In 1886, the new depot for the regiment, Cameron Barracks, was completed in Inverness by the Royal Engineers.

In 1882 the 1st Battalion moved from Gibraltar to Egypt, where they took part in the invasion and occupation of the country and the Battle of Tel el-Kebir in September 1882 during the Anglo-Egyptian War. They remained in Egypt until 1884, when it took part in an expedition to the Sudan: the battalion took part in the defence of Kosheh and the Battle of Ginnis in December 1885 during the Mahdist War.

In 1897 a 2nd Battalion was formed. The 1st Battalion arrived in South Africa in March 1900 and fought in the Second Boer War.

Photo Lawson (Edinburgh)

Photo A.Cooper (Inverness)

Photo Spark (Forfar)